Diamonds are so much more than just a colorless stone set on an engagement ring.
Crystallized billions of years ago, they are composed of a single chemical element, carbon. Some of these carbon atoms precede the Big Bang. Unlike the other gems formed in the earth crust, diamonds crystallized much deeper, in the earth’s mantle. Brought to the surface by volcano eruptions, diamonds are now found in primary and secondary deposits. Global diamond mining has long been held by the DeBeers but in the past decades, other mining groups have gained market share, such as the Australian group Rio Tinto and the Russian group, Alrosa. The main deposits are in Africa (Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola and Namibia), Russia, Australia and Canada.
The diamond is the hardest mineral (hardness of 10 on the Mohs Scale), which means it is the most resistant stone to scratches. However, diamonds can be broken because of cleavage planes (weaknesses in the structure of the stone). These weaknesses helped to understand how to cut diamonds. The 4Cs (carat, color, clarity and cut) are the diamond grading system. These criteria can be specified on a certificate. The GIA (Gemological Institute of America) is the most well renowned lab. Other labs can deliver these types of certificates as the HRD in Antwerp and the LFG in France.
Even though white is the most popular color, diamonds offer a wide range of colors. From black to white, through red, green, blue or orange, they adorn the most original jewels.
Some designers like to craft it in all its forms : as an octahedral rough stone, a brilliant cut, in rose or even as a powder. They create authentic rings, bracelets, necklaces or earrings. Detaj lines up rough grey diamonds on his silver ring. BARE paves his yellow or white gold Lotus rings with white brilliant cut diamonds. The jeweler Gem Palace uses diamonds to enlighten another stone by paving a whole ring to sublimate a stunning emerald. Shamballa Jewels proves that diamonds allow a great creativity. The two brothers use the stones in many different ways: cut or rough, to create wonderful diamonds beads set on their well renowned bracelets. As the central material of a creation, but still very discreet, Mad Precious & Ethical uses diamonds as a pendant creating refined jewelry pieces.
This native element remains one of the most precious gems, and the hardest, surrounded by strong symbols, proof of commitment and love. Discover our selection of diamond jewelry !!